Flooring

INTRODUCTION A floor is the bottom surface of a building room. Flooring is defined as the term for a permanent decorating of a floor, or for the work of establishing such a floor covering. A floor covering gives a smooth, clean, impenetrable and durable surface. Types of Floors Following are some of the major types of floors: 1. Mud Floor: …

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Roofs

INTRODUCTION The roof is defined as the topmost structure establishing the upper protecting of a building. It helps to stop the rainwater coming inside the building and it also protects from direct sunlight radiation.  Roof Types and Types of Roof:  1.Flat Roofs:  Flat roofs are widely easy to manufacture compared to other more modulated types of roofs. …

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Ready-mix concrete

INTRODUCTION Ready-mix concrete is concrete that is produced in a batch plant, according to a  put down engineered mix design.  Batch plants mix a precise amount of gravel, sand, water, and cement together by weight, permitting specialty concrete mixtures to be constructed and executed on construction sites. Types of Ready Mixed Concrete There are mainly three types …

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Geotextiles

INTRODUCTION Geotextiles are penetrable textile materials utilized in touch with soil, rock, earth or any other geotechnical similar material as an important part of a construction project, structure. Geotextiles help in decreasing energy utilization and improving production in the construction field. Types of Geotextile Geotextiles are the manufacture of polymers such as polyester or polypropylene. They are divided into 3 categories …

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Retaining Wall

1.1:-Introduction             A retaining wall is a wall constructed for the purpose of retaining vertical or nearly vertical bank or slope. The retaining wall is the most important structure in hill road construction. It provides sufficient stability to the roadway and to the slope at hillside as well as the …

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Door & Types

INTRODUCTION The door is generally swinging or sliding barrier by which an entrance is closed and opened which is made up of a similar part of a piece of furniture. Types of Doors Used in Building Construction Types of the door based on the arrangement of door components 1. Battened and Ledged Doors Battens are vertical …

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Transparent concrete

                                INTRODUCTION Transparent concrete is also called as translucent concrete. The bonding material in transparent concrete may be capable to transmit light by utilizing clear resins the concrete mix. Utilize of optical fibers and fine concrete also utilized as transparent concrete. Transparent concrete was initially developed in 2001 by a Hungarian architect Aronlosonzi by utilizing …

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Fiber Reinforced Concrete

INTRODUCTION: Fiber Reinforced Concrete is defined as a composite material containing mixtures of cement, mortar or concrete and discontinuous, discrete, uniformly dispersed good fibers. Fiber-reinforced concrete is of various types and properties with huge advantages. Continuous meshes, woven fabrics and long wires or rods are not taken to be discrete fibers. Some of the substances …

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Window & It’s Types

                     INTRODUCTION A window is an opening in a door, wall, roof or vehicle which permits the passage of light, sound, and air. Modern windows are generally glazed or covered in any other transparent or translucent material. Types of Windows used in Buildings There are many types of windows are based on their positions, materials, and functioning. Windows …

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Modular Buildings

        INTRODUCTION  Modular construction is a process in which a building is constructed away site, under managed plant conditions, using the similar type of materials and designing to the similar codes and standards as ordinary built facilities, but in about half-hour. Buildings are constructed in modules that when put in conjunction on site, reflect the same design objective and specifications of the …

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